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Oracle Application Integration Architecture 11g Essentials

Question No: 41

How do you ensure technical compliance of a PIP?

  1. by conducting code walkthroughs

  2. by creating complex test cases

  3. by executing PIP Auditor tool to produce technical compliance reports

  4. by executing XMAN and EOL2CSV tools

Answer: C Explanation:

The PIP Auditor is run against your BPEL and ESB code to check whether they follow the AIA

methodology for coding conventions. The output is a static HTML report. Therefore, the

results

are a single snapshot of your code at the time it was run.

The PIP Auditor can be run against Oracle out-of-the-box PIPs, against PIPs that you have customized, or against your custom code that follows AIA design and development guidelines.

Thus, in some cases, you may want to run the report weekly to continously monitor your progress (or lack thereof) of coding compliancy.

The PIP Auditor reports on compliancy to coding standards.

The PIP Auditor also provides suggestions for fixes for each of the identified violations.

Reference: Oracle Application Integration Architecture, Infrastructure Components and Utilities Guide

Question No: 42

Which statements are true about AIA 11g R1 Migration Utility?

* AIA Migration Utility migrates CAVS definitions.

** AIA Migration Utility moves abstract wsdls Into MDS postmigration.

*** AIA Migration Utility generates skeletal annotation tags into the compoiitt.xmi file.

**** AIA Migration Utility migrates XREF metadata.

  1. *and**

  2. ** and *** C. *** and **** D. *, **, and ***

Answer: B

Explanation: The following operations are performed by the AIA Migration Utility:

Detects the type of service, and depending on whether it is a BPEL process or an ESB process, invokes the appropriate version of the SOA upgrade utility to perform the migration.

Updates AIAComponents references in WSDLs and XSDs to point to Oracle Metadata

Services (MDS) repository. (**)

Updates the AIAAsyncErrorHandlingProcess reference in bpel.xml to point to the AIA Foundation Pack 11g Release 1 error handling service.

Updates domain-value map (DVM) and cross-reference (XREF) signatures in XSL files to point to AIAComponents in MDS. This step takes care of updating references to template and function calls in the XSL files used by the process.

Inserts annotations in composite.xml.(***):

Annotations play a significant role in the AIA lifecycle and governance in AIA Foundation Pack 11g Release 1. The AIA Migration Utility injects annotations (empty placeholders) into the migrated composites.

Depending on whether a process is a Requester Application Business Connector Service (ABCS), Enterprise Business Service (EBS), Provider ABCS, or Adapter service, appropriate annotations are inserted into the composites. The utility uses the process.type variable in AIAMigrationUtility.properties for this purpose.

As a post-migration task, you must populate appropriate annotation values into the skeletal structure provided by the utility to be able to harvest AIA artifacts into Oracle Enterprise Repository.

Note:The Oracle Application Integration Architecture (AIA) Migration Utility seamlessly migrates AIA 2.4 and 2.5 BPEL and Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) services to AIA Foundation Pack 11g Release 1. The utility leverages the SOA upgrade utility to perform the bulk of the migration tasks and automates most of the pre- and post-migration tasks.

Reference: OracleŚļź Fusion Middleware Migration Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture:

Using the AIA Migration Utility

Question No: 43

Which two statements are true about Composite Business Process (CBP) in the context of Oracle AIA?

  1. The CBP is always modeled to implement a single operation with one-way patterns.

  2. In CBP, there will not be any responses to the client.

  3. The CBP is always modeled to implement multiple operations with multiway patterns.

  4. In CBP, there will be multiple responses to the client.

Answer: C,D

Explanation: A Composite Business Process (CBP) is a set of coordinated tasks and activities involving both human and system interactions. It is an implementation of the AIA Reference Process Model Business Process and is a Process Service.

In AIA, CBPs are implemented, managed, and monitored as a single SOA composite using SOA BPEL along with SOA Mediator, SOA Human Workflow, and SOA Business Rules components. The BPEL components are used to drive the flow.

Reference: Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts and Technologies Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture Foundation Pack:

Designing and Constructing Composite Business Processes

Question No: 44

Which two statements are true about the harvesting step to leverage AIA 11g R1 lifecycle capability?

  1. It is necessary to leverage the lifecycle capabilities, such as functional decomposing.

  2. It is necessary to sanity check your implementation.

  3. It is necessary to leverage the lifecycle capabilities, such as auto-generate Bill of- Material.

  4. It is necessary to leverage the lifecycle capabilities, such as facilitating the generation of the Deployment Plan.

Answer: C,D

Explanation: Once you have unit-tested, source-controlled, and completed your composite implementation, you can harvest these design-time composites into the Project Lifecycle Workspace and, optionally, Oracle Enterprise Repository.

When you choose to harvest into the Project Lifecycle Workbench, annotations in composite XML files are published to Project Lifecycle Workbench. These annotations published to Project Lifecycle Workbench are instrumental in facilitating downstream automation, such as bill of material (BOM) generation(C)and deployment plan generation(D). Annotations and harvesting are required to enable this downstream

automation.

If downstream automation is not a requirement for you, you may or may not annotate and harvest. When you reach a point in the lifecycle flow at which the result of annotations and harvesting are used, such as BOM and deployment plan generation, you can manually complete the BOM via the Project Lifecycle Workbench UI or manually write your own ANT script to generate a deployment plan.

Reference: Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts and Technologies Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture Foundation Pack:

Harvesting Design-Time Composites into Project Lifecycle Workbench and Oracle Enterprise Repository

Question No: 45

Which statement is true about an ABCS?

  1. Selection of the right ABCS style for implementation depends on versioning.

  2. For an ABCS implementationEnterprise Business Flows add business logic on top of Enterprise Business Messages.

  3. An ABCS is always PIP-specific.

  4. An ABCS acts as an API developed to transform application business objects into Enterprise Business Objects.

Answer: D

Explanation: The role of the ABCS (Application Business Connector Services) is to expose the business functions provided by the participating application in a representation that is agreeable to Enterprise Business Services (EBSs). It can also play another role in which it serves as a glue to allow the participating application to invoke the EBSs.

The ABCS enables participating applications to become service providers and service consumers. It also enables applications having nonstandard connectivity to expose their functionality as web services.

Reference: Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts and Technologies Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture Foundation Pack:

Designing Application Business Connector Services

Question No: 46

Which two AIA artifacts will be deployed as SCA composites when considering the Deployment Plan?

  1. Enterprise Business Object

  2. Composite Business Process

  3. Enterprise Business Flow

  4. Enterprise Business Message

Answer: B,C

Explanation: A composite is unit of deployment for SCA and contains service components.

The name of the composite is the same as the name of the Oracle Application Integration Architecture (AIA) artifact.

The composites are created for the following AIA artifacts:

  • Composite Business Process (B)

  • Enterprise Business Flow (C)

  • Enterprise Business Service

  • Application Business Connector Service

  • Utility Services

Reference: Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts and Technologies Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture Foundation Pack:

Composites

Note #1: The SCA Assembly Model consists of a series of artifacts, which are defined by elements contained in XML files. A SCA runtime may have other non-standard representations of the artifacts represented by these XML files, and may allow for the configuration of systems to be modified dynamically. However, the XML files define the portable representation of the SCA artifacts.

The basic artifact is the Composite, which is the unit of deployment for SCA and which holds Services which can be accessed remotely.

Note#2:Service Component Architecture (SCA) is a software technology created by major software vendors including IBM and Oracle. SCA provides a model for composing applications that follow Service-Oriented Architecture principles.The technology encompasses a wide-range of disparate technologies and as such is specified in various

independent specifications in order to maintain programming language and application environment neutrality.

Oracle SOA Suite uses the SCA(Service Component Architecture)standard as a way to assemble service components into a SOA composite application. SCA provides a programming model for the following:

  • Creating service components written with a wide range of technologies, including programming languages such as Java, BPEL, C , and declarative languages such as XSLT. The use of specific programming languages and technologies (including web services) is not required with SCA.

  • Assembling the service components into a SOA composite application. In the SCA environment, service components are the building blocks of applications

Question No: 47

Which two statements are true about Enterprise Business Messages?

  1. An EBM defines a specific message format for service requests and responses in EBS operations

  2. An EBM represents the specific EBO content needed to perform a specific activity.

  3. An EBM may contain details about more than one type of action like query and update, for example,in the same message.

  4. An EBM implementation might be specified in a .bpel file.

Answer: A,B

Explanation: Any application invoking the Enterprise Business Services (EBSs) has to generate the EBM to pass the EBM as a payload to the EBS.

At the most basic level, EBMs (Enterprise Business Messages) are the messages that are exchanged between two applications. The EBM represents the specific content of an EBO(Enterprise Business Object)needed for performing a specific activity.

Reference: Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts and Technologies Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture Foundation Pack:

Designing and Constructing Enterprise Business Flows

Question No: 48

Which two best describes a situation where AIA’s error handling framework is invoked?

  1. At every BPEL receive activity whether or not an error has occurred

  2. At every ESB service invocation

  3. When a BPEL partner link experiences an invocation error

  4. When a mediator service experiences an error

Answer: C,D

Explanation: There are two categories of faults:

  1. Business faults

    Business faults are generated when there is a problem with the information being processed. For example, a credit card number is invalid.

    Error actions for business faults that are internal to BPEL are configured in catch blocks. These are business faults that are thrown by a throw activity. Error notifications and logging for these business faults are handled by AIAAsyncErrorHandlingBPELProcess.

    Error actions for business faults from external applications and services are configured using the Composite Fault Policy Framework. These are business errors that are returned by an invoked service or application when using a BPEL invoke activity. Error notifications and logging for these business faults are handled by oracle.apps.aia.core.eh.CompositeJavaAction.

  2. System faults

System faults occur as a result of problems within the running of the BPEL process or Mediator service component. For example, data cannot be copied properly because the variable name is incorrect or because of transformation errors.

Error actions for system faults are configured using the Composite Fault Policy Framework. Error notifications and logging for system faults are handled by oracle.apps.aia.core.eh.CompositeJavaAction.

Note: The AIA Error Handling Framework provides the following key features for integration services operating in an AIA ecosystem.

  • Unified Error Handling Approach

  • Works across technologies, including BPEL and Mediator components, business-to- business (B2B), and ODI.

  • Works across categories of faults, including business and system, run-time, and technical faults.

  • Works across integration patterns.

  • Adopts the Oracle SOA Suite 11g tech stack.

Question No: 49

Which two AIA backends are used by AIA Harvester to store metadata about the implementation artifacts?

  1. Lifecycle DB

  2. OER

  3. ODI

  4. MDS

Answer: A,B

Explanation: Once you have unit-tested, source-controlled, and completed your composite implementation, you can harvest these design-time composites into the Project Lifecycle Workspace and, optionally, Oracle Enterprise Repository(OER).

Reference: Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts and Technologies Guide for Oracle Application Integration Architecture Foundation Pack:

Harvesting Design-Time Composites into Project Lifecycle Workbench and Oracle Enterprise Repository

Question No: 50

For which two reasons would you execute PIP Auditor reports regularly during your PIP development?

  1. This is the compliance report for a given PIP, which gives you statistics based on category and priority.

  2. The detailed violation report goes down to line/column level so that you can fix them easily.

  3. This is the compliance report that shows CAVS test results.

  4. This report shows progress of PIP development.

Answer: A,D

Explanation: A:The PIP Auditor generates what is called a quot;Technical Compliance Reportquot;, reporting code violations based on rules, priority, category, project, and test suite.

D: The PIP Auditor is run against your BPEL and ESB code to check whether they follow the AIA methodology for coding conventions. The output is a static HTML report. Therefore, the results are a single snapshot of your code at the time it was run.The PIP Auditor can be run against Oracle out-of-the-box PIPs, against PIPs that you have customized, or against your custom code that follows AIA design and development guidelines. Thus, in some cases, you may want to run the report weekly to continously monitor your progress (or lack thereof) of coding compliancy.The PIP Auditor reports on compliancy to coding standards.The PIP Auditor also provides suggestions for fixes for each of the identified violations.

Reference: White Paper, OVERVIEW OF THE ORACLE AIA FOUNDATION PACK PIP AUDITOR

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